Whether you are thinking of positioning yourself on the Internet as a well-known blogger with a solid presence, highlighting your product, promoting an activity or establishing a successful online business, you will certainly need a hosting service to ensure your future on the Internet. After acquiring the domain, the second step in creating a website will be to find a hosting provider.
What is a hosting service or web hosting?
In very simple terms, a website is neither more nor less than a series of interactive data files that users around the world can open and read. Only one computer is needed in which to store these files so that users can access them. Well, the web hosting service provides that equipment. You simply upload your pages to the computer – also known as a server – and from there anyone from anywhere in the world can open the files and view your information, that is, visit your website.
To find your website, Internet users will need your address. The first time you establish a website of your property, you will have to buy a domain name that will be assigned an IP address of the company that will host it. That IP address will be published in a directory called Domain Name Servers (DNS) that your browser will track when you type a web address in it. The browser will find the IP address and then go to the web page.
Shared web hosting or shared hosting
The shared hosting service uses a very large server that can host thousands of individual websites. Shared hosting usually offers a wide variety of features and services designed to help you build your website and put it online easily. Sometimes, the shared hosting service is sold in the market by resellers and not by the owners of the server. According to this agreement, the owners earn money by renting the space, while the distributor keeps the profits for sales and marketing. This accommodation option is not only the cheapest but also the most recommended alternative for a small business website, a blog or a personal page, especially if it is the first time you need hosting for a site you own.
Dedicated web hosting
In this case, the site owner usually controls a single server free of other users. This dedicated server may or may not be owned by the owner of the site; it is usually rented to a lodging service. The main advantage of this method is that it grants greater privileges to the owner of the site: it will be able to control all the data, the applications and the information contained in the server. However, it is much more expensive than its shared hosting counterpart. It is generally recommended for a very large website, with a large amount of traffic and an intensive use of resources.
Private virtual hosting server (VPS)
The VPS is one of the new technologies that are being introduced in web hosting services. Through the VPS the client will obtain complete control of a virtual private server that runs on the main server. To get an idea, imagine a virtual computer inside a real computer. The virtual machine only exists in the software and is separate from everything else, that is, the rest of the operations that run on the physical server. The VPS option thus allows customers to create their own servers within a virtual machine, which is completely isolated from any other activity performed on the physical server. While the physical server remains in operation the VPS also remains in business, regardless of what happens with other sites hosted on the server. For security and efficiency reasons, the VPS is becoming the most popular option. It is an intelligent compromise between shared hosting and dedicated hosting.