Nowadays, it is very easy and possible to have your own website. There are content management tools (CMS), such as WordPress and Joomla, which are free and very easy to use, .com domains have dropped to €9 a year, and good shared web hosting can be achieved for less than €10 per month. The time has come when everyone has the possibility of having their own website.
If you are starting, save this page as a favorite in your browser, pressing Ctrl + D if they are in Windows or Cmd + D if it is in MAC, to be able to read it with confidence. We assure you that once you finish reading this content, you will have a good base to understand how it works from behind, web hosting and websites.
If you are ready … Start?
What is WEB hosting?
The summary phrase: The web hosting is where companies and people deposit their website
Normally, when we talk about web hosting, we refer to a company that offers a space on a large computer (server) so that the files that make up a website (text, images, …) can be hosted, as well as offering a connection to Fast Internet, so that the world’s computers can access the archives of the hosted web.
Easy, is not it?
I think it is necessary to understand, that a web page, although it can be believed that it is a single file, is composed of a text to read, some images to show on the page, some links to other pages and a structure that orders all this so that the page is very nice (HTML). When we open a web page in our browser, behind and without us noticing, they are loading all these files, but we only see the beautiful final result. To offer all these files in a fast way, you need a supercomputer (server) and a good Internet connection.
WEB and Data Center Accommodation .. Is not it the same?
Normally, when we talk about web hosting, we refer to that portion of server space, which we have hired, in order to host our files that make up our website; When we speak of datacenter, we refer to the room or building, where all the servers and electronic devices are, that host all the websites of the clients.
A datacenter, can be a room, a building or an industrial building, equipped with duplicate power systems and electricity generation systems, multiple data communications connections, temperature control systems, humidity and fire protection, to ensure that your clients have their website running 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
Point 2: Types of WEB Hosting
Generally, there are four types of WEB hosting: Shared, Private Virtual Server (VPS), Dedicated and Hosting in the cloud. Although all have in common that they serve to host the files of our website, they can differentiate in the amount of storage space, control, speed of processing, technical knowledge required for their management and reliability of the systems. Let’s see in more detail each one of them and see the differences that exist between a dedicated one, a VPS, a dedicated one and a posting in the cloud.
In a shared hosting, our website is stored in the same server where there are many other web pages, reaching to share space with hundreds or thousands of pages. All these pages share the resources available to the server, such as memory (RAM), computing capacity (CPU) and Internet connections. This model of accommodation, makes much more profitable each server, so it can be offered at lower prices and by default, it is the type of accommodation that is initially contracted when creating a new website.
Very contained and ideal prices for those of us who want to start a new website without leaving a lot of money.
When using these accommodations, your web page has to fight with the other thousands of pages, to get memory and processor to be able to work, getting to have problems of slowness or even failure, if the neighboring web pages, abuse resources and do not share .
Dedicated Server Hosting
As its name suggests, the dedicated server hosting is to contract a whole server and all its memory and processing resources for your website. This model offers the maximum performance for your web page since it is the only one that uses those resources.
Greater performance and control over how resources are used.
Having a whole machine that the hosting company would have used to host hundreds of pages in shared accommodation, has a high price. Having your full control of the machine, also requires having high computer skills and management tools. If you do not have it, you have to outsource the management, so the monthly cost increases.
Virtual Server Hosting
The philosophy of a virtual server hosting, is to divide with a software, all server resources (Disk Space, CPU, RAM, …) in portions, so that they are created as small servers with their portion of memory, space Disk and CPU. Customers, we see this hosting as if it were a single server for us alone, even though it is actually a piece of a physical server.
It allows to have the advantages of a dedicated server, without having to pay the costs of one.
Despite having the resources assigned, you can not ensure good management in case your website has a peak of access or that other virtual servers hosted on the same server, punctually excessive consumption of resources.
The hosting in the cloud, offers support for large peaks of demand of a web page or a lot of bandwidth consumption. How does it work? Well, the hosting provider has many servers grouped and distributed by different Data Centers, so that it knows which servers have more or less consumption. When your web page requests more CPU consumption, it looks for a server that is not using or has available resources and your web page is moved to that server, being able to satisfy the needs.
For a contained price, we have a service that covers all of our possible resource demands.
This model, implies that our web page is in Spain and from here to half an hour can be in the United States. If for example our website contains data that are covered by the Data Protection Act (LPD), we must meet the requirements and this can not always be achieved in hosting services outside of Spain.
What is a Domain?
Your website, before it comes to light, needs you to give it a name. That name is the domain. A domain, is nothing more than a name that you assign to your website, so that people remember and can type it in their browser to access your website. The domain is usually composed of the name we have chosen plus a suffix, which serves to indicate what type of page is our website. Thus the domains that are .com, indicate that it is a page where you do business (virtual store, second hand, …) or is the official website of a company. A .ORG domain indicates that it is an organization, usually non-governmental and not for profit.
Once we have thought about the name for our website, we must hire the service that makes it possible to put that name in the browser, redirect it to our website.
Difference between WEB hosting and Domain name
It is very normal that the people that we start in the WEB world, we get confused between the name of Domain and the WEB Accommodation. It is very important to be clear about the meaning of each one if you want to move around the Web world.
Making a simile, we can say that: A Domain is the address of your house while the accommodation is your own house, where you have your furniture.
Instead of the street name and number, use the name of your website and a suffix (.com, .es, .org …). Once someone arrives at your accommodation (house) you can enter and see your walls, furniture, decoration (WEB files), which will be wider if we have a bigger house (disk space, memory, CPU, ..)
Registering an Internet Domain – How is it done?
Registering an Internet domain, is like getting a small part of the Internet, or a store on the street and putting a name that is attractive to customers. That name (domain) is what we will then put our store (web), so that everyone remembers instead of the address of the street. Just like, everyone knows where the Corte Ingles is but does not know the name or street number ..
To put order in the form of these names, ICANN exists , an organism of Internet for the management of names , that is the one that is in charge to put order in the good practices of the recorders, web lodgings and other clients.
When registering a domain, these are personal/business, so according to the standards of ICAHN, all users who register a domain, have to give their personal, corporate, business and even employees in some cases. Customers that want to contract a specific domain of a country (.ES, .FR, .UK …), a part of the registry is dedicated to confirm that the client belongs to that country and consequently if it is allowed to acquire a level domain superior (see more ahead) specific to a country.
This is a point to consider. Although there are a large number of domain suffixes (.COM, .ORG, .EU, ..) each has specific requirements that must be met in order to acquire them. For example, only if it is accredited to be an organization, you can acquire an .ORG domain and only Spanish citizens can contract a .ES domain.
During the registration process, it is highly advisable to have a hosting, so that at the same time that we are registering, we can tell you what web we want to be associated with. This relationship between Internet Domino and the web’s IP address is registered in very large lists, called DNS records . So, when you put in the browser; www.elmejorhostingweb.com, the computer asks these DNS records where this page is located, giving it an IP address (220.127.116.11) so that it can arrive.
There are hosting services that offer the possibility of contracting with them the domain, with which the process is much faster, having only, that hire and they are already responsible for making the management of registering the IP correctly.
Understanding what an Internet Domain is
To speak properly, when we say a domain, we are actually giving a Subdomain, a Domain and a Top Level Domain. And right now you’re wondering …
A Top Level Domino or TLD, taking the examples from Wikipedia.org, Alexa.com, Amazon.co.uk, is the last part of the Domino, ending in .ORG, .CO.UK, .COM.
This extension is what we call the Top Level Domain, which in English is Top Level Domain and its acronym is TLD.
While most of these TLDs are available for public registration, there are some that are only allowed to contract if they belong to that group. Thus, .AERO can only be registered by companies that have to do with the aeronautical world, such as airlines, airports and air services, (an example can be www.groundforce.aero ). There are also those known as Geographical Higher Level Domains , or ccTLD, which are those that are linked to a country (.ES, .UK, ..) and in which in some cases, such as Andorra (.AD) , they only allow them to be hired by clients residing in the country. In the case of Spain (.ES), there are no restrictions on who can register a Domain.
List of Regional Top Level Domains
.ac .ad .ae .af .ag .ai .al .am .an .ao .aq .ar .as .at .au .aw .ax .az
.ba .bb .bd .be .bf .bg .bh .bi .bj .bm .bn .bo .br .bs .bt .bw .by .bz
.ca .cc .cd .cf .cg .ch .ci .ck .cl .cm .cn .co .cr .cu .cv .cx .cy .cz .de .dj .dk .dm .do .dz .ec .ee .eg .es .et .eu
.fi .fj .fk .fm .fo .fr
.ga .gd .ge .gf .gg .gh .gi .gl .gm .gn .gp .gq .gr .gs .gt .gu .gw .gy
.hk .hm .hn .hr .ht .hu
.id .ie .il .im .in .io .iq .ir .is .it
.je .jm .jo .jp
.ke .kg .kh .ki .km .kn .kp .kr .kw .ky .kz
.la .lb .lc .li .lk .lr .ls .lt .lu .lv .ly
.ma .mc .md .me .mg .mh .mk .ml .mm .mn .mo .mp .mq .mr .ms .mt .mu .mv .mw .mx .my .mz
.na .nc .ne .nf .ng .ni .nl .no .np .nr .nu .nz. om .pa .pe .pf .pg .ph .pk .pl .pn .pr .ps .pt .pw .py
.qa .re .ro .rs .ru .rw .sa .sb .sc .sd .se. sg .sh .si .sk .sl .sm .sn .sr .st .sv .sy .sz
.tc .td .tf .tg .th .tj .tk .tl .tm .tn .to .tr .tt. tv .tw .tz .ua .ug .uk .us .uy .uz
.va .vc .ve .vg .vi .vn .vu .wf .ws .ye .za .zm .zw
Domains and Sub-Domains
Taking as an example mail.elmejorhostingweb.com, elmejorhostingweb.com is the domain, mail.elmejorhostingweb.com in this case, it is the Sub-Domain. A Domino has to be unique (there can only be one elmejorhostingweb.com) and it has to be registered through a domain manager (such as Nominalia ), while the subdomains can be managed directly by the client and created as many as they want. Thus, once we have registered our domain (mitienda.com), for example, we can create subdomains to sell bikes (bicis.mitienda.com), televisions (teles.mitienda.com) and to access our mail (correo.mitienda.com ).
In some environments, the Sub-Domains are known as third-level domains, from the point of view that depends on a domain (mitienda) that depends on another (.com). It has to be taken into account, that search engines such as Google, each of the subdomains sees it as a web page independent of the main domain.
Privacy of Domains
Whois Information and Domain Privacy: Do I really need it?
All Domains have publicly accessible information, which includes information about the person who purchased it, as well as the owner’s name, contact number, email address or expiration date. This information, is consulted with a Whois program and offers information about the buyer and their contacts, this is why it is known as Whois information.
Within the rules of use of the Domains, ICANN, requires that this information is always available for Whois queries. This information can be consulted by everyone who makes a query of your Domain.
If you want to verify the information that you can get to see about a Domain, you just have to go to NIC-WHOIS, put the Domain you want to see (eg: elperiodico.com) and observe the amount of information that is available.
So what is the problem? Well you can assume, that this information is not always going to be used in the legitimate and desirable way for which it was available. At the moment when doing a simple Whois you can check the information, spam companies, hackers or identity theft have access to your personal information! Companies with less scruples, are looking at the dates when our Domain contract expires (expiration date) and send emails to renew the Domain, trying to renew the owner with them for confusion or invoicing with real data, related services. It is also used by Spam companies to contact owners and administrators, offering services or Hackers to obtain information about who manages a web page.
WEB Band Width
What is the bandwidth and the transfer rate?
In the environment of WEB hosting services, we find that, among other rare words, they talk about Bandwidth or Bandwidth. The Bandwidth, is the amount of information that can receive and send our service in a period of time (usually seconds). Thus, a Bandwidth of 10Mbps, wants to indicate that our service can manage 10 million bits of information per second. This value can be delicate when our website starts to have many users, as it will mark the number of web pages that we can display at the same time.
It often happens that this term is confused with the Transfer Rate or Data Transfer, which is a completely different thing. The Transfer Rate is the amount of information that our Hosting Provider allows us to send and receive during a period of time (normally one month). At the time of contracting a service, this value we have to take into account, since it can be a source of problems.
If we hire a service that has a Transfer Rate of 500 Megabytes per month and our website each media page, (between images and texts), has a size of half a megabyte, it means that the service we have contracted will allow us to you can see 1000 pages of our website and from that moment, the web will be slower or it will not be seen during the remainder of the month …
Accommodation providers play a lot with these values to adjust prices and in some cases only refer to it in the fine print. It is advisable before hiring a service, review this value in the contract and the conditions of action in case of exceeding this limit. If we are starting, we may be interested in a service that has an acceptable Transfer Tas and that we can expand in case of success and many visits.
Choose the Right Hosting
Choosing a WEB hosting service for your company is a very important step. Beyond seeing what companies exist, is to see the plans offered by each of them, buy the benefits and see the opinion of their customers. But it is also very important to see what is not explained. For this reason every day hundreds of people visit our pages of accommodation services reviews.
Questions to ask Your Hosting Service
If this is the first time you hire a web hosting service, here are 30 questions that you have to answer:
- What is the guaranteed service time? (less than 99.9% is no longer acceptable)
- What is the monthly availability rate?
- Where are the Data Centers located? Can you choose the one we want to use?
- What technical support do you offer? Only phone? Mail? Spanish?….
- What support hours do they have? 24 hours? From Monday to Friday? And the weekend?
- Which includes the configuration service at no additional cost?
- What software is included in the service?
- What payment plans do you have? A 3-year contract is paid at once or can it be done monthly?
- What conditions and price does the service renewal? (there are services that when renewing double their price)
- What options to increase benefits are there? If I contract a basic shared service and then I have a lot of traffic, can I move to a higher level or even a dedicated service?
- If the service indicates that it is unlimited, do you have special conditions, or is it really unlimited?
- Are they really service providers or are they resellers?
- What are your security measures and continuity plans? They have to indicate it clearly.
- If you are looking to hire a dedicated server, do they have their own staff that manages them? Or is it the client who is responsible for the management?
- How long has the company been working? Have you changed owners lately?
- What maintenance policy do they have? There are companies that when they do the maintenance of the server, leave the webs without service
- What are the conditions for cancellation of the contract? What period of lack is there?
- Is a trial period offered? Many providers offer a period of 30 days or more, which may be interesting at an early stage.
- Do I get my money back in that 30-day trial period, or do I have it left as available to spend with them?
- The servers that offer the shared services, how do they manage the option that a server can consume the resources of the rest?
- What basic configuration does the contract include? What are they obliged to offer you?
- Is the technical support service your own? where are you?
- If you want to change plans in the middle of the contract, what is your policy?
- Is there any limitation in the software that I can install or run?
- If we have a Hacker attack, what capacity do they have to restore the data? In what period of time?
- Are there charges for making configurations? Are they included in the first installation?
- What security measures against attacks and spam do you have?
- In a shared hosting service How many clients are there per server?
- What specifically includes the service? It includes memory, CPU and Disk, but mail accounts, domains, subdomains.
Is Cheap Hosting Bad?
Having a good hosting service for our website or blog, is a fundamental thing. This does not mean that we have to pay a lot of money, because if we search well, we can find cheap Hostings that offer a service very similar to that dedicated server that is watching you. Keep in mind, that your great business idea does not need big web resources, yet. You can hire a shared, cheap hosting service, and then improve the contract as you need it.
First, let’s define “Cheap”
For a hosting service to be considered within this category, how cheap does it have to be?
Following this category during the previous ten years, first it was considered cheap, €9.50 per month, then €7.95 per month, €5.95 per month, reaching prices as low as €1.99 in certain offers that There is in the current market.
Then … when it is considered Cheap?
The quick response: Below €5/month, with adequate services.
For appropriate services, I refer to the hosting services that offer the most common options in the current market. The values that make up this market standard change over time, being normal, a few years ago, that for €6 per month, you only had 3GB of disk space, you could add 6 additional domains and a monthly transfer rate of 10GB Currently, the normal thing is that all these values are offered in an unlimited way.
Currently, a cheap standard hosting service, must be able to host at least 50 to 100 domains not very active, web statistics service, email and webmail service, auto-installations by script, updated versions of PHP and MySQL, technical service post -basic sale, and a minimum service availability of 99.5%. From these references, they can be considered a plus, if they offer continuous backup and restoration service, periodic malware scan, dedicated IPs or private SSL certificates.